A Look at South Korea's Topography

Also, due to real estate development, there is a danger of soil erosion. This has actually been a problem in the past and has led to flooding. Later, reforestation efforts were adopted to correct the mistake of cutting too many trees. Do you also remember our discussion of air pollution and micro-dust problems? Although this has man-made causes, it’s also a case of unfavorable geographic location as the pollution is being exacerbated by winds that blow yellow dust and smog originating from China and blowing to the Korean peninsula. 

How have people been adapting to this environment?:

I think Koreans try to balance development and nature as much as possible. Homes are built near the mountains, and if possible, on them, too! Even my school, Yonsei University, is built on the side of a mountain. Space is conserved, resulting in vertical expansion. Hiking has become a national pastime of Koreans, especially among the elderly. Hiking trails are numerous and accessible due to their proximity to cities and transportation. Many trails are also relatively easy, which is why the elderly have become hiking fanatics. In fact, if you ever get to see the elderly Korean people, you will find that their energy and vigor puts many young people to shame.

Bukhansan National Park, Seoul, South Korea